The correct title for this post should have been “Salting Meats for Traditional Cooking Methods Especially if a Golden Crust is Part of the Plan” but who’s gonna google that and land here? I literally just spent 30 minutes trying to title this article and that’s because something as simple as adding salt to food isn’t all that simple when we look in closer (I have a photo-journey down below to go over this later). Ok.. sprinkling some salt on a steak is pretty simple but understanding what happens right after… that’s where the money is at. Oh… and by the way… if you want a similar article featuring eggs, today is your lucky day. Simply click here.
What type of salt should I use?
Let’s start here. There’s only one kind of salt relevant to this article. Sodium Chloride. Table salt, Maldon, Pink Salt, Black Salt, etc, they all contain sodium chloride at heart. They will all season your food in about the same way and please abandon that prejudice against table salt. I’m tired of reading negative press about our humble little guy. If that’s what you have, go for it. I mainly use Diamon Crystal Kosher salt because the ad campaigns are catchy, the crystals bigger and fermentation loves the absence of iodine.
So why so many types if they all do the same?
Some are pure Sodium Chloride, some contain additives, anti-caking agents, some have been smoked, some have been mixed with other elements like activated charcoal. The size and thickness of the crystals also play an important role here. Some salts with larger crystals are used as finishing salts, like for example Maldon or Fleur de Sel. Anyways, there are books written about this subject and I’m no expert. The important takeaway here is: Sodium Chloride is the predominant component and everything else is secondary, especially when talking about seasoning foods. The price tag on some of these salts is quite hefty you won’t see me seasoning my chicken with Fleur de Sel any time soon. Maybe just a few flakes after I’m done cooking and ready to serve.
So how do I season meat before searing?
I think it’s all accomplished in 3 easy steps.
- Add salt. Add any other stuff you like too. I like to add pepper after searing. Burnt pepper. No bueno but that’s me.
- Let the salt do its thing for some time. (I usually let the salt do its thing overnight in the fridge or at least 20 mins if in a hurry).
- Remove the excess moisture from the surface of the meat before searing using paper towels (the fridge does that for me by the way, more echo-friendly?).
Salting. A Photo-Journey.
The photo journey! Here we go. The beginning of our salty journey. Like in any preparation that involves raw meat about to get seared, by using paper towels we remove as much moisture as possible from the surface… and if you haven’t gotten into this practice yet, no better time than yesterday. Your golden-crust creating abilities will get a huge bump. Anyway, this is meat, raw, beautiful, unseasoned. Like God intended it but is lacking our favorite flavor amplifier. Salt.
Look at those beautiful kosher salt crystals (Diamon Crystal Salt baby!). Way cooler than those ugly iodine-loaded table salt ones, right? (jk). They have just been sprinkled over my $1 dollar test steak (not the same steak as the one on the cover photo!) and I’m sure you’re thinking this is not all that exciting and you’re right or… are you? The only way to find out is to keep going because shit is about to get real.
If you pay close attention now, you can start to see how the surface of the meat is becoming wetter and the salt crystals hard edges are starting to soften up. It hasn’t even been 5 minutes. I love that about salt. It’s like a super-efficient water magnet. Literally.
A few more minutes into this and now the changes are extremely obvious. Let me remind you, my lighting (the lights I use to shoot these photos I mean) is absolutely consistent between pics so the differences are caused by the salt (and also oxidation but mainly salt). There’s a fair amount of moisture visible now. The salt crystals are slowly diffusing into the water and the color of the meat’s surface is changing due to the salt’s ability to denature proteins. Salt is literally curing the meat in front of our eyes.
The salt crystals are almost gone by now and it’s been maybe 20 minutes. The color of the meat is a little deeper but the change isn’t as dramatic. The surface of the meat is almost soupy there’s so much liquid now. By now the salt has diffused into the meat by maybe a millimeter. This is what we want if we’re in a rush but ideally, we want the salt to get diffused into the meat edge to edge evenly but that requires time and depends on the thickness of the cut. I don’t bother calculating. I go for overnight-fridge-pernoctation.
The following photo shows what happens after one and a half hours (roughly). The color shift is very dramatic but that’s not the best part. The once wet surface of the meat has now started to look almost sticky. The moisture is getting re-absorbed by the meat and this is where we wanna be in an ideal world (using those paper towels at this point would be perfectly fine). Pretty cool, right?
- I’m still not sure about the title of this article.
- Salting meat, veggies and pretty much anything containing water will draw moisture out.
- I hope table salt does better out there after this article.
- Drying your meat before hitting that searing pan is key. (that came off in all sorts of wrong).
- Salt not only seasons, but it also denatures proteins which means salt is a texture modifier too.
- Even after your done cooking, salt will continue to transform your food and diffuse into it.
- Look after your blood pressure.
Alright, guys, I’m out. I hope this post was helpful in some way. Comments below. Paul signing off for the day.